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  • "I think that one of the most important steps required to tackle the informal economy is to speed up the efforts in changing the informal institutions of the society (norms, beliefs, values) in such a way as to coincide with the needs of the formal institutions (regulations, laws). We need to get the people to start buying what the government is selling. Regrettably, my experience has shown that this cannot happen by using only fines and imposing restrictions. Genuine efforts should be made to foster a culture of commitment in order to align the two. And this requires formal institutions to change if citizens are to change their approach to paying taxes. The good news is that this has already started to be done in the Nordic countries and there is a long tradition which not simply shows the positives of such efforts, but also allows us to measure them in financial terms."

    Professor Colin Williams, Sheffield University during the international Marie Curie conference States and States of Informality in Europe: Current and Future Perspectives, Sofia
  • "The report of the Center for the Study of Democracy on Energy Sector Governance and Energy (In)Security in Bulgaria offers an in-depth analytical perspective on the Bulgarian energy sector and highlights some of the main challenges that the country faces if it is to diversify its energy sources. The report also provides a useful tool for working towards a common EU energy policy based on competitiveness, security of energy supply, and sustainability. We are delighted to have had the privilege of hosting one of the two public discussions in Washington, DC, featuring this newly released and groundbreaking report earlier this month under the aegis of the Wilson Center’s Global Europe Program."

    Mr. Christian F. Ostermann, Wilson Center during the public discussion Energy Security in the Black Sea Region, Washington, DC
  • "Bulgarian households have reached the limit of their possibilities in terms of covering their energy expenses, which is a threat at the energy security of Bulgaria." Stefanov explained that the energy poverty was hampering the bulgarian citizens and the business from diversifying their energy sources.

    Energy poverty of households in Bulgaria endangers our energy security: expеrt, Radio Focus
  • "Instead of changing policies we change people, Ruslan Stefanov, Program Director at the Center for the Study of Democracy and co-author of the study "Energy and Good Governance in Bulgaria. Trends and Policy Options." Which means that fraudulent and corrupt practices will continue. If the proposed solution to the problems in the energy sector is management change, it is probably better to announce international competitions for managers."

    Ruslan Stefanov
    The small slam of the Bulgarian Socialist Party: The left wing distributes positions in energy between known lobbies, Capital Daily
  • The Policy cycle for serious international and organised crime includes 4 steps:

    • Policy development based upon EU-SOCTA (European Union Serious and Organised Crime Threat Assessment);
    • Policy setting and decision making by the Council. Each priority is included in a Multi-Annual Strategic Plan;
    • Implementation and monitoring of Operational Action Plans;
    • Evaluation and input into the next intelligence cycle.
    Michel Quillé, Deputy Director of Europol at the discussion of Serious and Organised Crime Threat Assessment report at the National Assembly
  • Тhe 21st century threats from non-traditional sources need to be recognized, including cyber terrorism, links between organized crime and international terrorism, and energy security. These are threats that should be addressed proactively, as opposed to the largely reactive security policies of the 20th century and through greater engagement between developed and developing countries based on three components: security, economic opportunity, and increased rule of law and democratic governance.

    General James Jones, former National Security Advisor to President Obama and Supreme Allied Commander Europe during public discussion: National and International Security in the 21st Century
  • The report of the Center for the Study of Democracy (Energy and Good Governance in Bulgaria) provides an excellent outline of the main challenges that your country is facing. It is obvious to us that the Bulgarian Government and its partners are already prepared and able to make choices and lead by example in regards to the transparency in the region’s energy sector. We, from the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, believe that transparency is necessary to fight corruption. The transparency also ensures lower prices.

    Jonas Moberg, Head of the International Secretariat, Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative during the Policy Forum Energy and Good Governance in Bulgaria: Trends and Policy Options
  • Every year Europol prepares an Organised Crime Threat Assessment (OCTA) report with contribution from EU Member States and third countries. The report tries to identify the priorities in countering the organized crime. The criminal groups have strategy so we need to have а counter-strategy. It is more important to make sure that we identify the criminal groups globally. Particularly important for achieving these goals is the cooperation of the law enforcement authorities with the academic community.

    Mr. Jean-Dominique Nollet, Head of Analysis and Information Department, Europol at the Organised Crime Threat Assessment round table
  • Achieving greater energy security is very difficult. It is a time consuming endeavor, one that requires a strategically focused vision, intelligent partnerships, active planning, dedication to execution, and tangible results. As I have said many times, the choices made in the energy sector by the current government will have many ramifications for not only generations of Bulgarians, but for generations in the region.

    Mr. James Warlick, Ambassador of the US in Bulgaria at the round table Energy Policy and Energy Diversification
  • The opposite of diversification is monopoly... that is the situation most of our countries find ourselves in when you get into non-diverse situation. It creates problems in assuring yourself of an adequate supply of energy under any circumstances. You are subject to having your energy supply cut off, sometimes for reasons that have nothing to do with you. It also very much limits your pricing power. A monopolist charges you whatever the monopolist wants to charge. And if you have no other alternatives, and if this is a critical element of your national economy and your national security, where do you turn? What are the things that you need to do in order to ensure that you have a maximum amount of diversity available to you under the circumstances?

    Ambassador John M. Ordway, Chargé d’Affaires at the US Embassy in Bulgaria at the round table Energy Diversification and Energy Security

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