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Protection against racism, xenophobia and racial discrimination, and the EU Anti-racism Action Plan

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, provides an analysis of the distinctive features of racism, xenophobia and racial discrimination in the EU and selected EU Member States. It further examines various forms of racism, xenophobia and racial discrimination,their target groups and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The study assesses anti-racism policies and legislation to determine effectiveness of the national and EU legislation and measures envisaged in the EU Anti-racism Action Plan on eradicatation of racism, xenophobia and racial discrimination. The study identifies gaps that need to be filled and provides recommendations on how to create engagement at all levels to achieve meaningful change and equality. 

Тhe report has been developed by Asterisk Research and Analysis in collaboration with the Center for the Study of Democracy (CSD). The findings presented in this report are based on desk research at national level in seven EU Member States.

The report is available on the European Parliament website here.

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