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Study in Support of the Evaluation of Directive (EU) 2017/541 on Combating Terrorism

Directive (EU) 2017/541 on combating terrorism (‘Counter-Terrorism Directive’ or ‘CTD’) entered into force in April 2017, replacing Council Framework Decision 2002/475/JHA (as amended in 2008) and amending parts of Decision 2005/671/JHA (on the sharing of information and cooperation concerning terrorist offences). The Directive sets minimum rules on the definition of terrorism-related offences, their investigation and prosecution, sanctions applicable to these offences, cooperation and exchanges of information between Member States in the context of criminal proceedings, and the provision of assistance and protection to victims of terrorism. 

This study provided qualitative and quantitative evidence allowing the Commission to prepare the evaluation of the CTD. The study was carried out between December 2020 and July 2021 and covered the EU-25 Member States bound by the Directive. It assessed the performance of the Directive in terms of its relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, coherence and EU added value, as well as its impact on fundamental rights and freedoms (including non-discrimination), the rule of law and the level of protection and assistance provided to victims of terrorism. It also provided conclusions and recommendations for potential EU-level action to address the shortcomings identified. The research has been conducted by ICF  in collaboration with the Centre for the Study of Democracy (CSD) and Victim Support Europe (VSE).

Thе report is available on the Publications Office of the EU website here.

Executive summary of the report is available on the Publications Office of the EU website here.

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